The Role of Two-Year Colleges in the Improving Situation of Hispanic Postsecondary Education

21 Pages Posted: 5 Jan 2005

See all articles by Arturo Gonzalez

Arturo Gonzalez

Visa U.S.A

Michael J. Hilmer

San Diego State University - Department of Economics

Abstract

During the past two decades two-year colleges have become an increasingly important part of the American higher education system, especially for Hispanics who are disproportionately likely to start their careers two-year colleges. Given that today's economy rewards college attendance more than every before (Bound and Johnson, 1992, 1995) it becomes important to consider the effect that two-year colleges have had on the educational and subsequent labor market futures of Hispanics. Using a sample drawn from the sophomore cohort of the High School and Beyond and we examine the extent to which access to two-year colleges affects both the number of years of postsecondary education completed by Hispanics and the probability of their one-day attaining Bachelor's degrees. Employing an IV approach to correct for self-selection, we find that two-year colleges have an unambiguously positive effect on the educational attainment of Hispanics. Further, the fact that we estimate a democratization effect for Hispanics that exceeds previous estimates by nearly one full year suggests that Hispanics might disproportionately benefit from access to two-year colleges.

Keywords: Community Colleges, Hispanic Education, Transfer students

JEL Classification: I20, J15, J24

Suggested Citation

Gonzalez, Arturo and Hilmer, Michael J., The Role of Two-Year Colleges in the Improving Situation of Hispanic Postsecondary Education. Economics of Education Review, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=642841

Arturo Gonzalez (Contact Author)

Visa U.S.A ( email )

United States

Michael J. Hilmer

San Diego State University - Department of Economics ( email )

5500 Campanile Drive
San Diego, CA 92182
United States

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