International Comparisons of Rural-Urban Educational Attainment: Data and Determinants

51 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2005

See all articles by Mehmet Ali Ulubasoglu

Mehmet Ali Ulubasoglu

Deakin University - School of Accounting, Economics and Finance

Buly A. Cardak

La Trobe University - School of Economics

Date Written: August 2006

Abstract

We study cross-country differences in rural and urban educational attainment by using a data set for a diverse group of 56 countries. Utilizing human capital, labor market and migration theories, we identify national, rural and urban factors that are expected to influence rural and urban households in their educational choices. We apply our theoretical arguments to a dataset that we construct from data available in UNESCO Educational Yearbooks (1964-1999). We find that improved access to labor markets and lower risks associated with human capital investment reduce the disparities in the ratio and the levels of rural and urban schooling years. Importantly, countries with higher amount of resources and with better institutional framework to allocate such resources have lower rural-urban inequality in education. We also find that the impact of credit availabilities, type of legal system, geography and religion on the rural-urban educational inequality are related to the level of economic development.

Keywords: Rural and urban schooling, regional disparities in schooling, general-to-specific modelling, specific-to-general modelling

JEL Classification: I20, O18, R12

Suggested Citation

Ulubasoglu, Mehmet Ali and Cardak, Buly, International Comparisons of Rural-Urban Educational Attainment: Data and Determinants (August 2006). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=649883 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.649883

Mehmet Ali Ulubasoglu

Deakin University - School of Accounting, Economics and Finance ( email )

Burwood, Victoria 3215
Australia
+61 3 9244 6592 (Phone)

Buly Cardak (Contact Author)

La Trobe University - School of Economics ( email )

Bundoora
Bundoora, Victoria 3083 3086
Australia
+61 3 9479 3419 (Phone)
+61 3 9479 1654 (Fax)

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