A Capabilities Perspective on the Effects of Early Internationalization on Firm Survival and Growth

47 Pages Posted: 21 Jan 2005

See all articles by Harry J. Sapienza

Harry J. Sapienza

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management

Erkko Autio

HEC Lausanne

Gerard George

Singapore Management University

Shaker A. Zahra

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management

Abstract

Recent critiques of internationalization process models question the wisdom of delaying internationalization. Internationalizing late allows firms to assemble resources and gain experience but also allows inertia to develop. We resolve this tension by positing that internationalization has differing effects on firm survival and growth. These effects are moderated by organizational age, managerial experience, and resource fungibility. Our framework provides insights into the evolution of capabilities across borders and may be tested and built upon by organization researchers.

Keywords: international entrepreneurship, small business, new venture growth

JEL Classification: M13, M1, L1, F23, L20

Suggested Citation

Sapienza, Harry J. and Autio, Erkko and George, Gerard and Zahra, Shaker A., A Capabilities Perspective on the Effects of Early Internationalization on Firm Survival and Growth . Academy of Management Review , January 3, 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=652081

Harry J. Sapienza (Contact Author)

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management ( email )

19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States

Erkko Autio

HEC Lausanne ( email )

Institut Strat├Ęge
BFSH1
Lausanne, 1015
Switzerland

Gerard George

Singapore Management University ( email )

469 Bukit Timah Road
Singapore 912409
Singapore

HOME PAGE: http://www.smu.edu.sg/faculty/profile/118836/Gerry-GEORGE

Shaker A. Zahra

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management ( email )

19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States

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