Signaling with Convertible Debt
JOURNAL OF FINANCIAL AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS, September 1995
Posted: 22 Oct 2000
We test whether the conversion price (ratio) is viewed by the stock market as a credible signal of the firm's future earnings prospects (Kim, 1990) and subsequently whether convertible debt serves as backdoor equity financing (Stein, 1992). Examining the conversion price in relation to current stock prices and a priori growth expectation produces an average expected time for convertible bonds tobe at-the-money of less than 1.5 years. Thus, as Stein suggests, convertibles appear to be a method of drawing equity into a firm's capital structure. We also find that the size of the firm's announcement period abnormal returns is positively related to the expected time for the convertible to become at-the-money. Given these relationships, we conclude that convertible debt issue announcements, on average, send an equity-like signal to the market.
JEL Classification: G00
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation