The Disability Discrimination Act in the UK: Helping or Hindering Employment Amongst the Disabled?

30 Pages Posted: 2 Feb 2005  

David N.F. Bell

University of Stirling - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Axel Heitmueller

London Business School; Prime Minister's Strategy Unit; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: January 2005

Abstract

The enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in 1990 triggered a substantial academic debate about its consequences on employment rates of disabled people. In contrast, the employment provision of the 1996 Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) in Britain has received little attention. This paper provides robust evidence that, similar to the ADA in the US, the DDA has had no impact on the employment rate of disabled people or possibly worsened it. Possible reasons for this are low take-up of financial support, low levels of general awareness about the Act among disabled people and employers, and limited knowledge about the true costs of required adjustments.

Keywords: disability, employment, difference-in-difference, discrimination

JEL Classification: J2, I18, J71, J78

Suggested Citation

Bell, David N.F. and Heitmueller, Axel, The Disability Discrimination Act in the UK: Helping or Hindering Employment Amongst the Disabled? (January 2005). IZA Discussion Paper No. 1476. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=659164

David N.F. Bell

University of Stirling - Department of Economics ( email )

Stirling, Scotland FK9 4LA
United Kingdom
+44 1786 467 486 (Phone)
+44 1786 467 469 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Axel Heitmueller (Contact Author)

London Business School ( email )

Sussex Place
Regent's Park
London, London NW1 4SA
United Kingdom

Prime Minister's Strategy Unit ( email )

Admiralty Arch
London, SW1A 2WH
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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