Gender Inequality and Trade
31 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2005
Date Written: January 2005
The paper empirically explores the international linkages between gender inequality and trade flows of a sample of 92 developed and developing countries. The focus is on comparative advantage in labour-intensive manufactured goods. The results indicate that gender wage inequality is positively associated with comparative advantage in labour-intensive goods, that is, countries with a larger gender wage gap have higher exports of these goods. Also, gender inequality in labour force activity rates and educational attainment rates are negatively linked with comparative advantage in labour-intensive commodities.
Keywords: Gender inequality, trade, comparative advantage
JEL Classification: F11, F16, J70, J80
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