Innovative Tokyo

99 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2005

See all articles by Kuniko Fujita

Kuniko Fujita

Michigan State University - Sociology Department

Richard Child Hill

Michigan State University - Department of Sociology

Date Written: February 2005

Abstract

Fujita and Hill compare and contrast Tokyo's innovation structure with the industrial districts model and the international hub model in the literature on urban and regional development. The model embraces and yet transcends both industrial districts and international hub models. The authors provide key elements making up the Tokyo model - organizational knowledge creation, integral and co-location systems of corporate research and development and new product development, test markets, industrial districts and clusters, participative consumer culture, continuous learning from abroad, local government policies, the national system of innovation, and the historical genesis of Tokyo in Japan's political economy. They find that the Tokyo model of innovation will continue to evolve with the changing external environment, but fundamentally retain its main characteristics. The lessons from the Tokyo model is that openness, a diversified industrial base, the continuing development of new industries, and an emphasis on innovation all contribute to the dynamism of a major metropolitan region.

This paper - a product of the Development Research Group - was prepared for the East Asia Prospect Study.

Suggested Citation

Fujita, Kuniko and Hill, Richard Child, Innovative Tokyo (February 2005). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3507. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=660088

Kuniko Fujita (Contact Author)

Michigan State University - Sociology Department ( email )

Agriculture Hall
East Lansing, MI 48824-1122
United States

Richard Child Hill

Michigan State University - Department of Sociology ( email )

Agriculture Hall
East Lansing, MI 48824-1122
United States

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