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Global Diseases, Global Patents and Differential Treatment in WTO Law

59 Pages Posted: 9 Feb 2005  

Bradly J. Condon

Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM) - School of Law; Bond University - School of Law

Tapen Sinha

Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM) - Division of Actuarial Science, Statistics and Mathematics; Nottingham University Business School

Date Written: May 2, 2005

Abstract

As of January 1, 2005, all developing country members of the WTO are required to implement the WTO Agreement on Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). We analyze the issue of access to patented medicine to treat global and neglected diseases in developing countries in the context of WTO law. We present legal and economic arguments that support balancing the rights of producers and users on a market-by-market basis and argue against taking a uniform approach globally. We develop an analytical framework for assessing special and differential treatment of developing countries in WTO law and apply this framework to TRIPS. We then propose criteria for assessing the correct balance between the rights of producers and users on a market-by-market basis in order to operationalize special and differential treatment with respect to pharmaceutical patents.

Keywords: WTO, TRIPS, global diseases, WIPO, developing countries, HIV, AIDS, index construction

JEL Classification: K2, K33, K42

Suggested Citation

Condon, Bradly J. and Sinha, Tapen, Global Diseases, Global Patents and Differential Treatment in WTO Law (May 2, 2005). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=664621 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.664621

Bradly J. Condon

Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM) - School of Law ( email )

Rio Hondo No. 1
Col. Tizapan-San Angel, 01000
Mexico
52 55 56 28 40 00 x3789 (Phone)
52 55 56 28 40 49 (Fax)

Bond University - School of Law ( email )

Gold Coast, QLD 4229
Australia

Tapen Sinha (Contact Author)

Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM) - Division of Actuarial Science, Statistics and Mathematics ( email )

Rio Hondo #1 Col. Tizapan San Angel
C.P. 01000 Del. Alvaro Obregon
52 55 5628 4088 (Phone)
52 55 5628 4086 (Fax)

Nottingham University Business School ( email )

Jubilee Campus
Wollaton Road
Nottingham, NG8 1BB
United Kingdom

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