When do American Judges Enforce Treaties?
Columbia University - Law School
U of Chicago Public Law Research Paper No. 82
This paper advances a theory of judicial treaty interpretation and enforcement in the American legal system.
Today, the doctrine of self-execution dominates the study of judicial enforcement of treaties in U.S. courts. This paper, based on an extensive study of the record of treaty practice in U.S. courts, suggests a different analysis.
Treaty enforcement has in practice varied on who judges are asked to enforce a treaty against - the party alleged to be in breach - whether States, the Executive, or Congress. This paper shows this pattern thorough the history of U.S. treaty practice.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 69
Keywords: treaties, international law, treaty interpretation, self-execution
Date posted: February 11, 2005