Option Valuation with Long-Run and Short-Run Volatility Components
CREATES Research Paper 2008-11
51 Pages Posted: 11 Feb 2005 Last revised: 22 Jan 2012
Date Written: February 18, 2008
This paper presents a new model for the valuation of European options, in which the volatility of returns consists of two components. One of these components is a long-run component, and it can be modeled as fully persistent. The other component is short-run and has a zero mean. Our model can be viewed as an affine version of Engle and Lee (1999), allowing for easy valuation of European options. The model substantially outperforms a benchmark single-component volatility model that is well-established in the literature, and it fits options better than a model that combines conditional heteroskedasticity and Poisson-normal jumps. The component model's superior performance is partly due to its improved ability to model the smirk and the path of spot volatility, but its most distinctive feature is its ability to model the volatility term structure. This feature enables the component model to jointly model long-maturity and short-maturity options.
Keywords: Option valuation, long-run component, short-run component, unobserved components, persistence, GARCH, out-of-sample, Volatility term structure
JEL Classification: G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation