Book Review: Intentional Changes: A Fresh Approach to Helping People Change, by Allen Tough, Chicago: Follette Publishing Co., 1982

Academy of Management Review, Vol. 8, pp. 509-511, 1983

3 Pages Posted: 11 Feb 2005 Last revised: 24 Aug 2012

See all articles by J. Scott Armstrong

J. Scott Armstrong

University of Pennsylvania - Marketing Department

Abstract

I found this book, as well as his previous book (Tough, 1979), to be inspirational. His work led to an intentional change for me. This was to try a strategy that Tough has been using in teaching his own courses. He grades solely on the basis of the time spent in learning. This removes external evaluation and makes the student responsible for the expenditure of the major educational resource, time. I started to do research on this and have now used it in nine courses since 1978 (Armstrong, 1983). Compared to students in traditional courses, time contract students reported feeling more responsibility for their learning. They also were much more likely to describe specific changes in a critical incidents follow-up survey administered six months after the course ended. Furthermore, I have observed a dramatic difference in the learning atmosphere, compared with that found when I used traditional approaches. The time contract students seemed much more interested in self-change. Tough's work has attracted much attention in the field of education. It deserves the attention of those in management education and also those who view themselves as change agents.

Keywords: Implement changes, intentional changes, Allen Tough

Suggested Citation

Armstrong, J. Scott, Book Review: Intentional Changes: A Fresh Approach to Helping People Change, by Allen Tough, Chicago: Follette Publishing Co., 1982. Academy of Management Review, Vol. 8, pp. 509-511, 1983. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=665383

J. Scott Armstrong (Contact Author)

University of Pennsylvania - Marketing Department ( email )

700 Jon M. Huntsman Hall
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Philadelphia, PA 19104-6340
United States
215-898-5087 (Phone)
215-898-2534 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://marketing.wharton.upenn.edu/people/faculty/armstrong.cfm

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