Heath, Jarrow and Morton Implied Volatility Functions and Conditional Heteroskedasticity Models: Information in Eurodollar Futures Options
Posted: 25 Aug 1998
We evaluate various popular models of interest rate volatility and the Heath-Jarrow-Morton (HJM) approach to value interest rate derivatives by studying the information content and the forecast ability of HJM implied volatility in the Eurodollar futures options market. Implied volatility corresponding to the Ho-Lee, Courtadon, Cox-Ingersoll-Ross, Vasicek, and a linear proportional volatility model are examined within the HJM framework. The exercise compares these implied volatilities to a number of historical volatility benchmarks based on the GARCH model, the Glosten-Jagannathan-Runkle model, and several hybrid models combining the Cox-Ingersoll-Ross and Courtadon spot rate models and the GARCH and GJR approaches to model interest rate volatility. Our results show that there is a strong interaction effect between return shocks and the level of the interest rates in the volatility dynamics that none of the existing HJM volatility models and none of the GARCH type models can fully capture. Specifically, the impact of a shock to interest rate volatility is higher under a high interest rate than a low interest rate. The importance of implied volatility from the Ho-Lee, Courtadon, and Cox-Ingersoll-Ross models is significantly reduced after a term capturing the interaction effect is added to the volatility specification. The importance of implied volatility from the linear proportional and the Vasicek models is reduced but they can still explain a reasonably large portion of the time-variation in volatility.
JEL Classification: G13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation