The Role of Portfolio Constraints in the International Propagation of Shocks
54 Pages Posted: 24 Feb 2005
Date Written: September 2007
We study the comovement among stock prices and among exchange rates in a three-good three-country Center-Periphery dynamic equilibrium model in which the Center's agents face portfolio constraints. We characterize equilibrium in closed form for a broad class of portfolio constraints, solving for stock prices, terms of trade, and portfolio holdings. We show that portfolio constraints generate wealth transfers between the Periphery countries and the Center, which increase the comovement of the stock prices across the Periphery. We associate this excess comovement caused by portfolio constraints with the phenomenon known as contagion. The model generates predictions consistent with other important empirical results such as amplification and flight-to-quality effects.
Keywords: International finance, asset pricing, terms of trade, portfolio constraints, contagion
JEL Classification: G12, G15, F31, F36
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