Regional GDP in Britain, 1871-1911: Some Estimates

11 Pages Posted: 24 Feb 2005

See all articles by Nicholas Crafts

Nicholas Crafts

University of Warwick; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)


The paper builds on a method proposed by Geary and Stark for estimating regional incomes in Victorian Britain. This is modified by using tax data to allocate non-wage income across regions. The results suggest that the coefficient of variation of regional GDP per head was rising rapidly prior to World War I in similar fashion to the late 20th century such that its level in 1901 and 2001 was about the same. In both episodes of globalization there were big winners and big losers among British regions.

Suggested Citation

Crafts, Nicholas, Regional GDP in Britain, 1871-1911: Some Estimates. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 52, No. 1, pp. 54-64, February 2005. Available at SSRN:

Nicholas Crafts (Contact Author)

University of Warwick ( email )

Gibbet Hill Rd.
Coventry, West Midlands CV4 8UW
United Kingdom

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

United Kingdom

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