64 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2005 Last revised: 17 Aug 2008
Date Written: April 30, 2008
Although the modern theory of financial intermediation portrays liquidity creation as an essential role of banks, comprehensive measures of bank liquidity creation do not exist. We construct four measures and apply them to data on virtually all U.S. banks from 1993-2003. We find that bank liquidity creation increased every year and exceeded $2.8 trillion in 2003. Large banks, multibank holding company members, retail banks, and recently-merged banks created the most liquidity. Bank liquidity creation is positively correlated with bank value. Testing recent theories of the relationship between capital and liquidity creation, we find that the relationship is positive for large banks and negative for small banks.
Notes: Previously titled Bank Capital and Liquidity Creation.
Keywords: Capital Structure, Liquidity Creation, Regulation, and Banking
JEL Classification: G32, G28, G21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Berger, Allen N. and Bouwman, Christa H. S., Bank Liquidity Creation (Previously titled 'The Measurement of Bank Liquidity Creation and the Effect of Capital') (April 30, 2008). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=672784 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.672784
Financial Crises and Bank Liquidity Creation (This is an OLD WP that has been split into 2 parts: (1) How does Capital affect Bank Performance during Financial Crises (JFE, July 2013); and (2) Bank Liquidity Creation, Monetary Policy, and Financial Crises (WP 2012))