Bank Liquidity Creation (Previously titled 'The Measurement of Bank Liquidity Creation and the Effect of Capital')
Allen N. Berger
University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business; Wharton Financial Institutions Center; European Banking Center
Christa H. S. Bouwman
Texas A&M University; Wharton Financial Institutions Center
April 30, 2008
Although the modern theory of financial intermediation portrays liquidity creation as an essential role of banks, comprehensive measures of bank liquidity creation do not exist. We construct four measures and apply them to data on virtually all U.S. banks from 1993-2003. We find that bank liquidity creation increased every year and exceeded $2.8 trillion in 2003. Large banks, multibank holding company members, retail banks, and recently-merged banks created the most liquidity. Bank liquidity creation is positively correlated with bank value. Testing recent theories of the relationship between capital and liquidity creation, we find that the relationship is positive for large banks and negative for small banks.
Note: Previously titled Bank Capital and Liquidity Creation.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 64
Keywords: Capital Structure, Liquidity Creation, Regulation, and Banking
JEL Classification: G32, G28, G21
Date posted: February 26, 2005 ; Last revised: August 17, 2008