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WTO, Intellectual Property and Aids: Case Studies from Brazil and South Africa

Journal of World Intellectual Property 2004, Vol. 7, pp. 523-549

30 Pages Posted: 5 Apr 2012 Last revised: 22 Feb 2015

Marcelo Dias Varella

University Center of Brasilia; University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

Date Written: April 5, 2012

Abstract

The TRIPS Agreement establishes minimum norms for the protection of intellectual property rights. In certain fields, especially the pharmaceutical, it provides for an important degree of flexibility that the southern countries may be able to use to their own benefit. However, these countries frequently do not know how to take advantage of this flexibility, choosing instead to rely on the intellectual property criteria adopted by the northern countries. In other cases, this flexibility is insufficient to avoid problems in access to medications, as is the case for AIDS treatments.

Keywords: intellectual property, HIV, AIDS, drugs, WTO, TRIPS

JEL Classification: K32, K33, O34

Suggested Citation

Varella, Marcelo Dias, WTO, Intellectual Property and Aids: Case Studies from Brazil and South Africa (April 5, 2012). Journal of World Intellectual Property 2004, Vol. 7, pp. 523-549. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=675042

Marcelo Dias Varella (Contact Author)

University Center of Brasilia ( email )

Programa de Mestrado e Doutorado em Direito
SEPN 707/907, Bloco III, Terreo, Asa Norte
Brasilia, DF 71607-050
Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://www.marcelodvarella.org

University of California, Berkeley - School of Law ( email )

215 Boalt Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720-7200
United States

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