The Selection and Termination of Investment Managers by Plan Sponsors
University of Lausanne; Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne - Swiss Finance Institute
Arizona State University (ASU) - Finance Department
EFA 2005 Moscow Meetings Paper
We examine the selection and termination of investment managers by plan sponsors, representing public and corporate pension plans, unions, foundations, and endowments. We build a unique dataset that comprises hiring and firing decisions by approximately 3,700 plan sponsors over a 10-year period from 1994 to 2003. Our data represent the allocation of over $730 billion in mandates to hired investment managers and the withdrawal of $110 billion from fired investment managers. We find that plan sponsors hire investment managers after these managers earn large positive excess returns up to three years prior to hiring. However, despite general persistence in investment manager returns, this return chasing behavior does not deliver positive excess returns thereafter; post-hiring excess returns are indistinguishable from zero. Plan sponsors terminate investment managers after underperformance but the excess returns of these managers after being fired are frequently positive. Finally, using a matched sample of firing and hiring decisions, we find that if plan sponsors had stayed with fired investment managers, their excess returns would be larger than those actually delivered by newly hired managers.
Keywords: Pensions, Asset Management, Plan Sponsors
JEL Classification: G23, G12
Date posted: March 2, 2005