Why Did so Many Poor-Performing Firms Come to Market in the Late 1990s?: NASDAQ Listing Standards and the Bubble

55 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2005

See all articles by April Klein

April Klein

New York University (NYU) - Department of Accounting

Partha S. Mohanram

University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 2005

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of Nasdaq Listing Standards on the composition of new listings in the late 1990s. The Nasdaq has two types of listing standards: one based on profitability and the second based explicitly or implicitly on market capitalization. Specifically, unprofitable firms are allowed to list if either their pro-forma net tangible assets, which include the anticipated proceeds from their IPO, exceeds $18 million or their market capitalization exceeds $75 million. We show that as the market bubble accelerated in the late 1990s, a vast majority of firms entered under a market capitalization based standard, and these firms became a substantial portion of the Nasdaq. Subsequently, these firms performed the poorest both in terms of financial performance, stock return performance as well as involuntary delistings, while firms that listed under the profitability standard performed much better. In addition, firms that entered under market capitalization standards also exhibited the greatest return volatility. These results illustrate the importance of a profitability standard and the danger of a market capitalization based standard (explicit or implicit) in a market that is in, what ex-post turns out to be, a bubble.

JEL Classification: G10, G18, G24

Suggested Citation

Klein, April and Mohanram, Partha S., Why Did so Many Poor-Performing Firms Come to Market in the Late 1990s?: NASDAQ Listing Standards and the Bubble (April 2005). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=680667 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.680667

April Klein (Contact Author)

New York University (NYU) - Department of Accounting ( email )

Stern School of Business
44 West 4th Street
New York, NY 10012
United States

Partha S. Mohanram

University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management ( email )

105 St. George Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E6 M5S1S4
Canada

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