The Global Education Industry

192 Pages Posted: 4 Apr 2005

See all articles by James Tooley

James Tooley

University of Newcastle - E.G. West Centre


The first edition of this pioneering book produced surprising conclusions from research around the world into the extent of private education. Drawing on examples from Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, India, Indonesia, Peru, Romania, Russia, South Africa, Zimbabwe and other countries, Professor Tooley gave a snapshot of private education that was unknown to many readers; contrary to expectations, the private education sector was large in the countries studied, was innovative, and was not the exclusive domain of the wealthy. On the contrary, he found that the private sector often provided social responsibility, subsidised places and student loan schemes.

Tooley identifies the factors that impede or facilitate the development of the private education sector in various countries, focusing on the regulatory regimes that may impinge upon private education. This led him to conclude with a proposal for the role of for-profit education enterprises in promoting equitable development.

In this second edition, Professor Tooley contributes a new preface which shows how his work has developed and extended into other countries. In particular, he provides a fascinating account of how private education is flourishing in China.

Keywords: education, development, third world, poverty

JEL Classification: I20, I21, I22, I28, I29

Suggested Citation

Tooley, James, The Global Education Industry. IEA Hobart Paper No. 141, Available at SSRN: or

James Tooley (Contact Author)

University of Newcastle - E.G. West Centre ( email )

England, NE1 7RU
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