The Extension of Social Security Coverage: The Approach of the International Labour Office
Extension of Social Security Working Paper No. 3
31 Pages Posted: 6 Apr 2005
Date Written: 2002
One of the major problems of social security today is that most of the world's population has no protection. Extending social security coverage to excluded populations is one of the chief priorities of the nternational Labour Office (ILO) in the framework of its Decent Work strategy. The ILO has developed a new strategy for improving and extending social security coverage. It consists in implementing three complementary forms of action:
· Extension based on "classical" social security mechanisms: social insurance, universal benefits and systems and social assistance programmes; · The promotion of and support for the development of decentralized systems deriving from local initiatives, in particular micro-insurance; · The design of linkages and bridges between decentralized systems and other forms of social protection and public initiatives.
Within this general framework, the concrete implementation depends on the national context, both in terms of the level of development and the specific political, economic, social and cultural features of the country.
Keywords: Social security, scope of coverage, eligibility, role of ILO, developing country
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