Trade-Induced Pollution Transfers and Implications for Japan's Investment and Assistance
Asian Economic Journal, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 123-146, June 2000
Posted: 5 Apr 2005
Traded commodities embody an environmental service, namely the amount of pollution emitted domestically when goods are produced for export. Japan's extensive economic ties with its Asian Pacific trading partners necessitate special consideration of trade and environment linkages. The data presented in this paper indicate that bilateral trade with Japan has resulted in substantial net transfers of effluent loads during the period 1981-95. To remedy environmental inequality of this kind, we recommend the promotion of technology transfer from Japan to developing countries through foreign direct investment and development assistance. The aAppendix shows that a combination of multilateral trade liberalization and cost-effective environmental policy can result in achieving the twin objectives of higher national income and environmental quality improvement.
Keywords: trade and environment, pollution transfers, Japan
JEL Classification: F13, Q28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation