The Valuation of Correlation-Dependent Credit Derivatives Using a Structural Model
36 Pages Posted: 21 Mar 2005
Date Written: May 2005
In 1976 Black and Cox proposed a structural model where an obligor defaults when the value of its assets hits a certain barrier. In 2001 Zhou showed how the model can be extended to two obligors whose assets are correlated. In this paper we show how the model can be extended to a large number of different obligors. The correlations between the assets of the obligors are determined by one or more factors. We examine the dynamics for credit spreads implied by the model and explore how the model price tranches of collateralized debt obligations (CDOs). We compare the model with the widely used Gaussian copula model of survival time and test how well the model fits market data on the prices of CDO tranches. We consider two extensions of the model. The first reflects empirical research showing that default correlations are positively dependent on default rates. The second reflects empirical research showing that recovery rates are negatively dependent on default rates.
Keywords: Credit derivatives, correlation, structural model, CDO, valuation
JEL Classification: G13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation