Which Past Returns Affect Trading Volume?
Journal of Financial Markets, Vol. 12, pp. 1-31, 2009
38 Pages Posted: 21 Mar 2005 Last revised: 18 Apr 2011
Date Written: 2009
Anecdotal evidence suggests and recent theoretical models argue that past stock returns affect subsequent stock trading volume. We study 3,000 individual investors over a 51 month period to test this apparent link between past returns and volume using several different panel regression models (linear panel regressions, negative binomial panel regressions, Tobit panel regressions). We find that both past market returns as well as past portfolio returns affect trading activity of individual investors (as measured by stock portfolio turnover, the number of stock transactions, and the propensity to trade stocks in a given month). After high portfolio returns, investors buy high risk stocks and reduce the number of stocks in their portfolio. High past market returns do not lead to higher risk taking or underdiversification. We argue that the only explanations for our findings are overconfidence theories based on biased self-attribution and differences of opinion explanations for high levels of trading activity.
Keywords: Individual investors, investor behavior, trading volume, stock returns and trading volume, overconfidence, differences of opinion, discount broker, online broker, online banks, panel data, count data
JEL Classification: D8, G1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation