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The Value Premium and the CAPM

30 Pages Posted: 16 Mar 2005  

Eugene F. Fama

University of Chicago - Finance

Kenneth R. French

Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: March 2005


We examine (i) how value premiums vary with firm size, (ii) whether the CAPM explains value premiums, and (iii) whether in general average returns compensate beta in the way predicted by the CAPM. Loughran's (1997) evidence for a weak value premium among large firms is special to 1963-1995, U.S. stocks, and the book-to-market value-growth indicator. Ang and Chen's (2003) evidence that the CAPM can explain U.S. value premiums is special to 1926-1963. The CAPM's general problem is that variation in unrelated to size and value-growth goes unrewarded throughout 1926-2004. This produces rejections of the model for 1926-1963 and 1963-2004.

Suggested Citation

Fama, Eugene F. and French, Kenneth R., The Value Premium and the CAPM (March 2005). Available at SSRN: or

Eugene Fama (Contact Author)

University of Chicago - Finance ( email )

5807 S. Woodlawn Avenue
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
773-702-7282 (Phone)
773-702-9937 (Fax)

Kenneth French

Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth ( email )

Hanover, NH 03755
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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