Foreign Direct Investment, Competition and Industrial Development in the Host Country

33 Pages Posted: 6 Apr 2005

See all articles by Salvador Barrios

Salvador Barrios

European Commission, JRC - IPTS

Holger Görg

University of Kiel; Kiel Institute for the World Economy

Eric Strobl

Ecole Polytechnique, Paris - Department of Economic Sciences; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Abstract

This paper analyses the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) on the development of local firms. We focus on two likely effects of FDI: a competition effect which deters entry of domestic firms and positive market externalities which foster the development of local industry. Using a simple theoretical model to illustrate how these forces work we show that the number of domestic firms follows a u-shaped curve, where the competition effect first dominates but is gradually outweighed by positive externalities. Evidence for Ireland tends to support this result. Specifically, applying semi-parametric regression techniques on plant level panel data for the manufacturing sector we find that while the competition effect may have initially deterred domestic firms' entry, this initial effect has been outpaced by positive externalities making the overall impact of FDI largely positive in this country.

Keywords: Foreign direct investment, spillovers, industrial development, firm entry, semi-parametric estimations

JEL Classification: F2, L6, O1

Suggested Citation

Barrios, Salvador and Gorg, Holger and Strobl, Eric, Foreign Direct Investment, Competition and Industrial Development in the Host Country. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=688964 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.688964

Salvador Barrios (Contact Author)

European Commission, JRC - IPTS ( email )

Edificio Expo
C/ Inca Garcilaso s/n
Seville, 41092
Spain
34 954 48 82 08 (Phone)
34 954 48 82 08 (Fax)

Holger Gorg

University of Kiel ( email )

Olshausenstr. 40
D-24118 Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein 24118
Germany

Kiel Institute for the World Economy ( email )

P.O. Box 4309
Kiel, Schleswig-Hosltein D-24100
Germany

Eric Strobl

Ecole Polytechnique, Paris - Department of Economic Sciences ( email )

Ecole Polytechnique
Department of Economics
Paris, 75005
France

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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