The Development of the Rural Non-Farm Economy in Developing Countries and Transition Economies: Key Emerging and Conceptual Issues

38 Pages Posted: 17 Apr 2005

See all articles by Junior R. Davis

Junior R. Davis

United Nations - Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

D.J. Bezemer

University of Groningen - Faculty of Economics and Business

Date Written: June 2004

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to outline key emerging and conceptual issues in the development of the rural non-farm economy in less developed countries (LDCs) and transition economies. It is based on a conceptual framework where the rural non-farm economy (RNFE) is discussed as being either part of a growth strategy for the economy, or as a "defensive" survival strategy for the rural poor. For most rural people in developing and transitional economies, rural non-farm activities are part of a total livelihood activity set that includes farming: that is they are part of a diversified livelihood portfolio. Section 1 considers RNFE definitional and measurement issues. In section 2, the paper provides an overview of the relevance of rural non-farm economy (RNFE) and the key concepts underlying it and livelihood diversification. Section 3 explores the RNFE and local economic growth followed by discussions on the potential for growth of the RNFE, the linkages between the farm and non-farm sectors. Section 4 provides a brief discussion of policy processes.

Keywords: Rural growth, livelihood diversification, rural development, employment, off-farm earnings

JEL Classification: O13, O18, Q12, Q18, R11, R20, Z13

Suggested Citation

Davis, Junior R. and Bezemer, Dirk J., The Development of the Rural Non-Farm Economy in Developing Countries and Transition Economies: Key Emerging and Conceptual Issues (June 2004). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=693061 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.693061

Junior R. Davis (Contact Author)

United Nations - Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) ( email )

Palais des Nations
Office E 8074
Geneva, 1211
Switzerland
+41(0)229172033 (Phone)

Dirk J. Bezemer

University of Groningen - Faculty of Economics and Business ( email )

Postbus 72
9700 AB Groningen
Netherlands

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
332
Abstract Views
1,783
rank
90,181
PlumX Metrics