Discovering the Sources of TFP Growth: Occupational Choice and Financial Deepening

76 Pages Posted: 30 Mar 2005

See all articles by Hyeok Jeong

Hyeok Jeong

University of Southern California - Department of Economics

Robert M. Townsend

MIT - Department of Economics

Date Written: March 2005

Abstract

Total factor productivity (TFP) growth is measured as a residual and its sources typically remain unknown inside the residual. This paper aims to identify the underlying sources of this residual growth, being explicit about both micro underpinnings and transitional growth. The key forces are occupational choice and limited access to credit. We develop a method of growth accounting that decomposes not only the overall growth but also TFP growth into four components: occupational shifts, financial deepening, capital heterogeneity, and sectoral Solow residuals. Thus we explicitly evaluate the quantitative importance of micro impediments to trade such as credit constraint on aggregate growth dynamics, in particular the TFP dynamics. Applying this method to Thailand, which experienced rapid growth with enormous structural changes for the two decades between 1976 and 1996, we find that 73 percent of TFP growth can be explained on average by occupational shifts and financial deepening, without presuming exogenous technical progress. Expansion of credit is a major part of this explained TFP growth. The remainder TFP growth is related to the sectoral Solow residuals, which are determined by the endogenous interaction between the price dynamics of wage, interest rate, and profits and the evolution of wealth distribution. The nature of this interaction between price dynamics and wealth distribution depends on access to credit, and the differences in measured TFP growth across subgroups differentiated by any specific characteristics may reflect the varying degrees of limited access to credit rather than subgroup-specific technical changes. The above key forces of TFP also provide a micro foundation of the relationship between growth and inequality. The inequality among the non-intermediated affects the growth of the intermediated. The growth of the intermediated trickles down to the non-intermediated and reduces inequality among them.

Keywords: Total Factor Productivity, Occupation Choice, Financial Deepening

JEL Classification: O47, O16, J24, D24

Suggested Citation

Jeong, Hyeok and Townsend, Robert M., Discovering the Sources of TFP Growth: Occupational Choice and Financial Deepening (March 2005). IEPR Working Paper No. 05-19. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=694531 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.694531

Hyeok Jeong (Contact Author)

University of Southern California - Department of Economics ( email )

Robert M. Townsend

MIT - Department of Economics ( email )

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