A Comparative Analysis of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) Policy and Legislation in China, Japan and Korea with the European System: The Case of Electrical and Electronic Equipment
Posted: 5 Apr 2005
Date Written: February 2005
This paper presents a comparative analysis of the existing and upcoming Asian legal and policy framework on the extended producer responsibility (EPR) system compared with the European system. The analysis will provide a clear overview and forecast of how domestic and international producers and their original equipment manufacturers (OEM) can formulate their risk management plans against existing and fast evolving domestic and international EPR systems. This paper will begin with a review of EPR-related existing and proposed legislation in China, Japan, Korea, the European Union, Germany and France that has an impact on production and international trade in the electrical and electronic sector. It will then provide an analytical overview of unclear regulatory scope and definitions, lack of economic and social infrastructure and legal framework and the problems caused by introducing or expanding coverage of an EPR system, which causes confusion in defining the specific responsibilities of producers and their suppliers. The contribution of this paper is to discuss the concrete and practical implications of diversified EPR systems in China, Japan and Korea which are absorbing, adapting and/or enacting an EPR system as well as restricting the use of hazardous substances in products. This paper concludes by highlighting the regulatory risks arising from diversified existing and proposed EPR-related legislation in China, Japan and Korea in relation to the electrical and electronic industries and suggests a harmonised regulatory and business approach for policy-makers and industrial managers in order to minimise incumbent costs incurred from domestic and international EPR policy and legislation.
Keywords: Extended producer responsibility, EPR, Electrical and electronic equipment, Trade
JEL Classification: K23, K32, K33, K40
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation