Economic Transition, Gender Bias, and the Distribution of Earnings in China

21 Pages Posted: 31 Mar 2005

See all articles by John A. Bishop

John A. Bishop

East Carolina University - College of Business

Feijun Luo

East Carolina University - Department of Economics

Fang Priscilla Wang

West Virginia University - College of Business & Economics

Abstract

Market-oriented economic reform, which accelerated after 1992, has brought substantial changes to the Chinese economy. This dramatic economic transition was raised two important questions: 'How are women faring in the transition from a planned economy to a market economy?' and 'Are some women faring relatively better than other women'? We use data from the Chinese Household Income Projects for the years 1988 and 1995, a standard earnings equation, and quantile regressions to estimate and decompose the earnings gap. Our findings suggest that while the earnings gap has increased, the fraction of the gap 'unexplained' by differences in human capital variables such as education and experience has declined over time. This result is particularly pronounced for low earning women.

Suggested Citation

Bishop, John A. and Luo, Feijun and Wang, Fang Priscilla, Economic Transition, Gender Bias, and the Distribution of Earnings in China. Economics of Transition, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 239-259, 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=696248

John A. Bishop (Contact Author)

East Carolina University - College of Business ( email )

Department of Economics
Greenville, NC 27858-4353
United States

Feijun Luo

East Carolina University - Department of Economics ( email )

Brewster Building
Greenville, NC 27858
United States

Fang Priscilla Wang

West Virginia University - College of Business & Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 6025
Morgantown, WV 26506
United States

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