Antidumping and Safeguard Mechanisms: The Brazilian Experience, 1988-2003

35 Pages Posted: 22 Apr 2005

See all articles by Honorio Kume

Honorio Kume

Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA)

Guida Piani

Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) - Directory of Macroeconomic Policy & Studies (DIMAC)

Date Written: April 2005

Abstract

The main focus of the paper is put on the evaluation of the antidumping (AD) regime from 1988 through 2003. During these years, the Brazilian economy had to cope with several periods of macroeconomic instability, and overvaluation of the domestic currency, particularly during 1990/1992 and 1994/1998. As a result, from 1992 through 1998, import volumes increased significantly. Although during these years, the demand for AD protection was growing, the number of investigations concluded with an affirmative determination was only 52%. The paper explains that the institutional framework in charge of administering the antidumping regime was subject to several reforms. Along this process, the Ministry of Development, Industry and Trade saw its role strengthened. This Ministry has a more protectionist bias than the Ministry of Finance that during the initial years of the liberalization program, which played a prominent role in decisions regarding AD investigations and measures. The paper concludes that in comparison to other countries that are important users of the AD mechanism, the Brazilian experience reveals two interesting features: (1) a relatively small rate of final positive determinations, and (2) a tradition of applying antidumping duties in amounts that on average have been quite lower than the full dumping margins.

Suggested Citation

Kume, Honorio and Piani, Guida, Antidumping and Safeguard Mechanisms: The Brazilian Experience, 1988-2003 (April 2005). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3562. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=708443

Honorio Kume (Contact Author)

Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) ( email )

Av. Presidente Antonio Carlos 51
Directorate of Macroeconomics
RJ 20020-010 Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
+55 21 3804-8000 (Phone)
+55 21 2240-1920 (Fax)

Guida Piani

Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) - Directory of Macroeconomic Policy & Studies (DIMAC) ( email )

Av. Presidente Antonio Carlos 51
10 Andar Centro
Rio de Janeiro RJ 20020-010
Brazil

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