A Data Envelopment Analysis Approach to the Assessment of Natural Parks' Economic Efficiency and Sustainability. The Case of Italian National Parks

29 Pages Posted: 19 May 2005

See all articles by Valentina Bosetti

Valentina Bosetti

Bocconi University; CMCC - Euro Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change

Gianni Locatelli

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

Date Written: May 2005

Abstract

Wilderness protection is a growing necessity for modern societies, and this is particularly true for areas where population density is extremely high, as for example Europe. Conservation, however, implies very high opportunity costs. It is thus crucial to create incentives to efficient management practices, to promote benchmarking and to improve conservation management. In the present paper we propose a methodology based on Data Envelopment Analysis, DEA, a non parametric benchmarking technique specifically developed to assess the relative efficiency of decision-making units. In particular, the objective of the discussed methodology is to assess the relative efficiency of the management units of the protected area and to indicate how it could be improved, by providing a set of guidelines. The main advantage of this methodology is that it allows to assess the efficiency of natural parks' management not only internally (comparing the performance of the park to itself in time) but also by external benchmarking, thus providing new and different perspectives on potential improvements. Although the proposed methodology is fairly general, we have applied it to the context of Italian National Parks in order to produce a representative case study. Specifically, the choice of adequate cost and benefit indicators is a very important and delicate phase of any benchmark analysis. For this purpose, a questionnaire was used to investigate the opinions of Italian National Parks managers and stakeholders and to define the relevant indicators for the analysis. Finally, relevant policy implications for the case study are given.

Keywords: Data envelopment analysis, Natural park management

JEL Classification: Q01, Q26, Q56

Suggested Citation

Bosetti, Valentina and Locatelli, Gianni, A Data Envelopment Analysis Approach to the Assessment of Natural Parks' Economic Efficiency and Sustainability. The Case of Italian National Parks (May 2005). FEEM Working Paper No. 63.05, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=718621 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.718621

Valentina Bosetti (Contact Author)

Bocconi University

Via Gobbi 5
Milan, 20136
Italy

CMCC - Euro Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change

via Augusto Imperatore, 16
Lecce, I-73100
Italy

Gianni Locatelli

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca ( email )

Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo 1
Milano, Milan
Italy

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
269
Abstract Views
2,137
rank
123,462
PlumX Metrics