Modes of Credit Market Regulation

BUILDING ASSETS, BUILDING WEALTH; CREATING WEALTH IN LOW-INCOME COMMUNITIES, N. Retsinas and E. Belsky, eds., Brookings Press, 2005

51 Pages Posted: 13 May 2005

See all articles by Michael S. Barr

Michael S. Barr

University of Michigan Law School; University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy; University of Michigan, Center on Finance, Law, and Policy

Abstract

Congress has enacted a wide range of laws that affect the provision of credit. This chapter provides an introduction to five types of federal laws that have been enacted to help overcome barriers to credit. These include laws on: disclosure (the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act and Truth in Lending Act); affirmative obligation (the Community Reinvestment Act); negative prohibition (the Equal Credit Opportunity Act); product regulation (the Homeowner's Equity Protection Act); and government subsidies (Federal Housing Administration home mortgage insurance, and the Government Sponsored Enterprises - Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Federal Home Loan Bank system).

I first set out a short theoretical framework, then I compare these modes of credit market regulation with one another. I also suggest cross-modal strategies to enhance enforcement of the norms underlying these laws. By cross-modal strategies, I mean initiatives undertaken under one regulatory authority to advance norms of another regulation. For example, disclosure can e used to enhance prohibitions regarding racial discrimination. Cross-modal strategies hold out the promise of improving how these different modes of credit market regulation can be mutually reinforcing. Given the scope of the topic, this brief treatment is necessarily tentative and suggestive.

Keywords: Banking, Financial Institutions, Regulation, Law & Economics, Development, Economics

JEL Classification: D10, D60, G21, I38, K20, O16

Suggested Citation

Barr, Michael S., Modes of Credit Market Regulation. BUILDING ASSETS, BUILDING WEALTH; CREATING WEALTH IN LOW-INCOME COMMUNITIES, N. Retsinas and E. Belsky, eds., Brookings Press, 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=722611

Michael S. Barr (Contact Author)

University of Michigan Law School ( email )

625 South State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215
United States
734-936-2878 (Phone)
734-936-7514 (Fax)

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy ( email )

735 South State Street
4th Floor
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
United States

University of Michigan, Center on Finance, Law, and Policy ( email )

735 S. State Street, Suite 5211
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
United States

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