An Empirical Analysis of the Effects of the Change from Card-Check to Mandatory Vote Certification
Canadian Labour and Employment Law Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 259-301, 2004
53 Pages Posted: 17 May 2005 Last revised: 31 Mar 2010
Date Written: March 29, 2010
This article explores the effect of a legislated change in certification procedure in Ontario in 1995, from a card-check system to a mandatory vote system. The author concludes that introduction of mandatory votes had a highly significant negative effect on the probability of certification. In addition, the influence of particular factors on the likelihood of certification, such as the size of the bargaining unit, whether it was in the public or private sector, the extent of delay, and the degree of voter turnout in election cases was substantially different under the two procedures. Finally, statistically significant differences were found in the characteristics of applicants and in the characteristics of units for which certification was granted.
Keywords: Labor, labor relations, industrial relations, labor law, representation, certification, unions, card-check, representation vote, representation election, efca, employee free choice act
JEL Classification: N30, K31, K21, J5, J50, J51, J52, J53, J58
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation