Does Corruption Affect Health and Education Outcomes in the Philippines?

48 Pages Posted: 21 May 2005

See all articles by Omar Azfar

Omar Azfar

University of Maryland - Center on Institutional Reform and the Informal Sector (IRIS)

Tugrul Gurgur

Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey

Date Written: May 10, 2005

Abstract

We examine the effect of corruption in municipal governments on health and education outcomes in the Philippines. We find that corruption lowers the immunization rate of children, delays the vaccination of newborns, prevents the treatment of patients, discourages the use of public health clinics, reduces satisfaction of households with public health services, and increases waiting time of patients at health clinics. Corruption also has a negative effect on education outcomes: it reduces test scores, lowers national ranking of schools, raises variation of test scores within schools and reduces satisfaction ratings. We also find that corruption affects public services in rural areas in different ways than urban areas, and that corruption harms the poor more than the wealthy

Keywords: Corruption, decentralization, health care, education, service delivery

JEL Classification: H4, I1, I2

Suggested Citation

Azfar, Omar and Gurgur, Tugrul, Does Corruption Affect Health and Education Outcomes in the Philippines? (May 10, 2005). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=723702 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.723702

Omar Azfar (Contact Author)

University of Maryland - Center on Institutional Reform and the Informal Sector (IRIS) ( email )

2105 Morrill Hall
College Park, MD 20742
United States

Tugrul Gurgur

Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey ( email )

Istiklal Cad. 10 Ulus
06100 Ankara, Ankara 06050
Turkey

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