How to Close the Gender Pay Gap in Europe: Towards the Gender Mainstreaming of Pay Policy

30 Pages Posted: 20 May 2005

See all articles by Jill Rubery

Jill Rubery

University of Manchester - European Work and Employment Research Centre (EWERC)

Damian P. Grimshaw

University of Manchester - European Work and Employment Research Centre (EWERC)

Hugo Figueiredo

University of Manchester - European Work and Employment Research Centre (EWERC)

Abstract

The European Employment Strategy includes a new commitment to a substantial reduction in the gender pay gap in European Union (EU) member states, but progress requires a radical shift away from the traditional policy emphasis on the supply-side deficiencies of women compared with men. Mainstream theory argues that gender inequality is reduced once the pay gap is 'adjusted' for differences in individual characteristics (education, experience, etc.). But new empirical studies in many EU member states demonstrate that the work environment - the general wage structure, job and workplace characteristics - shapes gender pay inequality. Given the negative gender impact of trend declines in minimum wages, moves towards more decentralisation of wage-setting and public sector restructuring, the article argues for a holistic, gender mainstreaming approach to pay policy.

Suggested Citation

Rubery, Jill and Grimshaw, Damian P. and Figueiredo, Hugo, How to Close the Gender Pay Gap in Europe: Towards the Gender Mainstreaming of Pay Policy. Industrial Relations Journal, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 184-213, May 2005, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=725904

Jill Rubery (Contact Author)

University of Manchester - European Work and Employment Research Centre (EWERC) ( email )

Oxford Road
Manchester M60 1QD, N/A M13 9PL
United Kingdom
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161 200 3505 (Fax)

Damian P. Grimshaw

University of Manchester - European Work and Employment Research Centre (EWERC) ( email )

Oxford Road
Manchester M60 1QD, N/A M13 9PL
United Kingdom

Hugo Figueiredo

University of Manchester - European Work and Employment Research Centre (EWERC) ( email )

Oxford Road
Manchester M60 1QD, N/A M13 9PL
United Kingdom

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