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Disentangling Approaches to Framing: Mapping the Terrain

30 Pages Posted: 24 May 2005 Last revised: 19 Feb 2009

Art Dewulf

Wageningen University - Public Administration and Policy; Catholic University of Leuven (KUL) - Center for Organizational and Personnel Psychology

Barbara Gray

Pennsylvania State University - Center for Research in Conflict and Negotiation (CRCN)

Linda L. Putnam

Texas A&M University - Department of Speech Communication

Noelle Aarts

Wageningen UR

Roy J. Lewicki

Ohio State University (OSU) - Human Resource Research

Reni Bouwen

Catholic University of Leuven (KUL)

Cees M.J. van Woerkum

Wageningen UR - Communication and Innovation Studies Group

Date Written: 2005

Abstract

While researchers have demonstrated that frames have profound effects on conflict and negotiation processes and outcomes, the extant research on framing reflects a wide variety of approaches, resulting in conceptual confusion among researchers and practitioners. In this paper we disentangle these approaches by distinguishing them on two dimensions: (1) whether they adopt a cognitive or an interactional view on framing; and (2) whether they focus either on the framing of knowledge, relationships or interaction. We show how approaches differ in their theoretical assumptions and illustrate the different ways in which they deal with data. We conclude that a multi-perspective view rather than an integration view is preferred for valuing the respective contributions of these different approaches. Potential connections between the approaches are explored by focusing on the dynamic and social nature of cognitions and on the way frames in interaction assemble cognitive building blocks.

Keywords: Framing, cognition, interaction

Suggested Citation

Dewulf, Art and Gray, Barbara and Putnam, Linda L. and Aarts, Noelle and Lewicki, Roy J. and Bouwen, Reni and van Woerkum, Cees M.J., Disentangling Approaches to Framing: Mapping the Terrain (2005). IACM 18th Annual Conference. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=728203 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.728203

Art Dewulf (Contact Author)

Wageningen University - Public Administration and Policy ( email )

Hollandseweg 1
Postbus 8130
Wageningen 6706KN
Netherlands
tel. +31-317-482957 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://artdewulf.blogspot.com

Catholic University of Leuven (KUL) - Center for Organizational and Personnel Psychology ( email )

Tiensestraat 102
B-3000 Leuven
Belgium

Barbara Gray

Pennsylvania State University - Center for Research in Conflict and Negotiation (CRCN) ( email )

408 Beam Business Admin. Bldg.
University Park, PA 16802
United States
814-865-3822 (Phone)
814-863-7261 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.personal.psu.edu/b9g/

Linda L. Putnam

Texas A&M University - Department of Speech Communication ( email )

College Station, TX 77843-4353
United States
979-845-5514 (Phone)
979-845-6594 (Fax)

Noelle Aarts

Wageningen UR ( email )

Hollandseweg 1
6700 HB Wageningen, 6706KN
Netherlands

Roy J. Lewicki

Ohio State University (OSU) - Human Resource Research ( email )

700 Fisher Hall
2100 Neil Avenue
Columbus, OH 43210-1144
United States
614-292-0258 (Phone)
614-488-0546 (Fax)

Reni Bouwen

Catholic University of Leuven (KUL) ( email )

Oude Markt 13
Leuven, Vlaams-Brabant
Belgium

Cees M.J. Van Woerkum

Wageningen UR - Communication and Innovation Studies Group ( email )

Wageningen, 6700 EW
Netherlands
+31 317 4 84310 (Phone)
+31 317 4 84791 (Fax)

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