Instability of Return Prediction Models
43 Pages Posted: 31 May 2005
Date Written: March 23, 2005
This study examines evidence of instability in models of ex post predictable components in stock returns related to structural breaks in the coefficients of state variables such as the lagged dividend yield, short interest rate, term spread and default premium. We estimate linear models of excess returns for a set of international equity indices and test for stability of the estimated regression parameters. There is evidence of instability for the vast majority of countries. We then attempt to characterize the timing and nature of the breaks. Breaks do not generally appear to be uniform in time: different countries experience breaks at different times. We do identify a contemporaneous break for the US and UK indices in 1974. There is also some evidence of a break for a cluster of European nations during the 1978-1982 period. These breaks may relate to the oil price shock of 1974 and the formation of the European Monetary System in 1979. For the majority of intenational indices, the predictable component in stock returns appears to have diminished following the most recent break. We assess the adequecy of the break tests and model selection procedures in a set of Monte Carlo experiments.
Keywords: Stock return predictability, model instability, structural breaks
JEL Classification: G10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation