Knowledge Flows and R&D Co-Operation: Firm-Level Evidence from Germany

34 Pages Posted: 1 Jun 2005 Last revised: 21 Feb 2015

See all articles by Tobias Schmidt

Tobias Schmidt

Deutsche Bundesbank - Research Center

Date Written: 2005


This paper analyzes the determinants of R&D co-operation among German manufacturing firms. Using firm level data from the Third Community Innovation Survey from Germany, we focus on the role of spillovers in explaining R&D cooperation. We also investigate firms' decisions to cooperate with research institutions or with suppliers and customers. Implementing a two-step estimation procedure, we find a positive effect of knowledge flows on the probability of R&D co-operation in most model specifications. Additionally, we show that firms with high intramural R&D budgets are more likely to cooperate with universities and research institutions than with suppliers and customers.

Keywords: Spillovers, R&D co-operation, CIS 3

JEL Classification: O31, O32, L22

Suggested Citation

Schmidt, Tobias, Knowledge Flows and R&D Co-Operation: Firm-Level Evidence from Germany (2005). ZEW - Centre for European Economic Research Discussion Paper No. 05-022. Available at SSRN: or

Tobias Schmidt (Contact Author)

Deutsche Bundesbank - Research Center ( email )

Wilhelm-Epstein-Str. 14
Frankfurt/Main, 60431

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