The Economic Costs of Corruption: A Survey and New Evidence
33 Pages Posted: 2 Jun 2005
Date Written: June 2005
This paper reviews the empirical literature on the economic costs of corruption. Corruption affects economic growth, the level of GDP per capita, investment activity, international trade and price stability negatively. Additionally, it biases the composition of government expenditures. The second part of the paper estimates the effect of corruption on economic growth and GDP per capita as well as on six possible transmission channels. The results of this analysis allows to calculate the total effect of corruption: An increase of corruption by about one index point reduces GDP growth by 0.13 percentage points and GDP per capita by 425 US$.
Keywords: Costs of corruption, survey, empirical evidence
JEL Classification: O1, K49, C39
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation