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The Economic Costs of Corruption: A Survey and New Evidence

Axel Dreher

University of Heidelberg

Thomas Herzfeld


June 2005

This paper reviews the empirical literature on the economic costs of corruption. Corruption affects economic growth, the level of GDP per capita, investment activity, international trade and price stability negatively. Additionally, it biases the composition of government expenditures. The second part of the paper estimates the effect of corruption on economic growth and GDP per capita as well as on six possible transmission channels. The results of this analysis allows to calculate the total effect of corruption: An increase of corruption by about one index point reduces GDP growth by 0.13 percentage points and GDP per capita by 425 US$.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 33

Keywords: Costs of corruption, survey, empirical evidence

JEL Classification: O1, K49, C39

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Date posted: June 2, 2005  

Suggested Citation

Dreher, Axel and Herzfeld, Thomas, The Economic Costs of Corruption: A Survey and New Evidence (June 2005). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=734184 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.734184

Contact Information

Axel Dreher (Contact Author)
University of Heidelberg ( email )
Grabengasse 1
Heidelberg, 69117
HOME PAGE: http://www.axel-dreher.de
Thomas Herzfeld
IAMO ( email )
Theodor-Lieser-Str. 2
Halle/Saale, 06120
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References:  74
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