Multifactor Explanations of Asset Pricing Anomalies

J. OF FINANCE, Vol. 51 No. 1, March 1996

Posted: 28 Jun 1998  

Eugene F. Fama

University of Chicago - Finance

Kenneth R. French

Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Abstract

Previous work shows that average returns on common stocks are related to firm characteristics like size, earnings/price, cashflow/price, book-to-market equity, past sales growth, long-term past return, and short term past return. Because these patterns in average returns apparently are not explained by the CAPM, they are called anomalies. We find that, except for the continuation of short-term returns, the anomalies largely disappear in a three-factor model. Our results are consistent with rational ICAPM or APT asset pricing, but we also consider irrational pricing and data problems as possible explanations.

JEL Classification: G12

Suggested Citation

Fama, Eugene F. and French, Kenneth R., Multifactor Explanations of Asset Pricing Anomalies. J. OF FINANCE, Vol. 51 No. 1, March 1996. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=7365

Eugene F. Fama (Contact Author)

University of Chicago - Finance ( email )

5807 S. Woodlawn Avenue
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
773-702-7282 (Phone)
773-702-9937 (Fax)

Kenneth R. French

Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth ( email )

Hanover, NH 03755
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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