The Effect of a Change in Legislation on the Wage Gap in Brazil
International Journal of Economics and Finance, Vol. 4, No. 2, February
17 Pages Posted: 8 Jun 2005 Last revised: 16 Feb 2012
Date Written: April 1, 2005
This article investigates gender wage discrimination based on a natural experiment, namely, the introduction of compulsory open exams applied in Brazil to public service job candidates as a way to prevent clientelism and nepotism. Our hypothesis is that if there is discrimination, so we should observe gender wage gap reduction after the introduction of the open exams. We find evidence in favor of this hypothesis, thus suggesting that there is discrimination against women.
Keywords: Discrimination, gender, public service, natural experiment
JEL Classification: J7
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation