Evolution of Tubewell Ownership and Production in the North China Plain

19 Pages Posted: 27 Jun 2005

See all articles by Jinxia Wang

Jinxia Wang

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy

Jikun Huang

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Scott Rozelle

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Abstract

The overall aim of the present paper is to better understand the evolution of tubewell ownership in the North China Plain, especially focusing on the factors that determine ownership and its effect on production. Based on a random sample of 30 villages in three counties in the Hai River Basin, our results show that collectively owned tubewells have been gradually privatised. The analyses demonstrate that increasing water and land scarcity and policy intervention (mainly fiscal and financial subsidies for tubewell investment) leads to the observed shifts in tubewell ownership patterns. The results also show that the privatisation of tubewells has affected cropping patterns in the North China Plain. When villages shift towards private tubewells, farmers move into more water-sensitive and high-value crops. Privatisation, however, has no negative effect on crop productivity in the present sample. Importantly, the evolution of tubewell ownership in the villages studied does not accelerate the fall of the groundwater table.

Suggested Citation

Wang, Jinxia and Huang, Jikun and Rozelle, Scott, Evolution of Tubewell Ownership and Production in the North China Plain. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=739375

Jinxia Wang (Contact Author)

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy ( email )

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Beijing, Xicheng District 100864
China

Jikun Huang

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ( email )

Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy (CCAP)
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China
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Scott Rozelle

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics ( email )

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Davis, CA 95616
United States
530-752-9897 (Phone)

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