Multilateral Agricultural Trade Liberalization: The Contrasting Fortunes of Developing Countries in the Doha Round

55 Pages Posted: 9 Jun 2005

See all articles by Antoine Bouët

Antoine Bouët

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI); University of Bordeaux - LAREFI

Jean-Christophe Bureau

AgroParisTech-INRA (National Institute for Agricultural Research)

Yvan Decreux

CEPII, Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Info. Internationales, Paris

Sébastien Jean

OECD Economics Department

Date Written: January 2005

Abstract

An applied general equilibrium model is used to assess the impact of multilateral trade liberalization in agriculture, with particular emphasis on developing countries. We use original data, and the model includes some specific features such as a dual labor market. Applied tariffs, including those under preferential regimes and regional agreements, are taken into account at the detailed product level, together with the corresponding bound tariffs on which countries negotiate. The various types of farm support are detailed, and several groups of developing countries are distinguished. Simulations give a contrasted picture of the benefits developing countries would draw from the Doha development round. The results suggest that previous studies that have neglected preferential agreements and the binding overhang (in tariffs as well as domestic support), and have treated developed countries with a high level of aggregation have been excessively optimistic about the actual benefits of multilateral trade liberalization. Regions like sub-Saharan Africa are more likely to suffer from the erosion of existing preferences. The main gainers of the Doha round are likely to be developed countries and Cairns group members.

Keywords: CGE model, Doha Round, agriculture, tariff preferences, domestic support

JEL Classification: F12, F13, D58, Q17

Suggested Citation

Bouet, Antoine and Bureau, Jean-Christophe and Decreux, Yvan and Jean, Sébastien, Multilateral Agricultural Trade Liberalization: The Contrasting Fortunes of Developing Countries in the Doha Round (January 2005). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=739686 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.739686

Antoine Bouet

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

University of Bordeaux - LAREFI ( email )

Avenue Léaon Duiguit
Bordeaux, 33000
France

Jean-Christophe Bureau (Contact Author)

AgroParisTech-INRA (National Institute for Agricultural Research) ( email )

BP1 Economie
INRA-AgroParisTech
78850 Grignon, 78850
France

HOME PAGE: http://perso.club-internet.fr/jcbureau

Yvan Decreux

CEPII, Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Info. Internationales, Paris ( email )

9 Rue Georges Pitard
Paris Cedex 15, F-75015
France

Sébastien Jean

OECD Economics Department ( email )

2 rue Andre Pascal
Paris Cedex 16, MO 63108
France

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