Exports and Productivity: A Survey of the Evidence from Firm Level Data

27 Pages Posted: 10 Jun 2005  

Joachim Wagner

University of Lueneburg - Institute of Economics; Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: May 2005

Abstract

While the role of exports in promoting growth in general, and productivity in particular, has been investigated empirically using aggregate data for countries and industries for a long time, only recently have comprehensive longitudinal data at the firm level been used to look at the extent and causes of productivity differentials between exporters and their counterparts which sell on the domestic market only. This paper surveys the empirical strategies applied, and the results produced, in 45 microeconometric studies with data from 33 countries that were published between 1995 and 2004. Details aside, exporters are found to be more productive than non-exporters, and the more productive firms self-select into export markets, while exporting does not necessarily improve productivity.

Keywords: Exports, productivity, literature survey, micro data

JEL Classification: F14, D21

Suggested Citation

Wagner, Joachim, Exports and Productivity: A Survey of the Evidence from Firm Level Data (May 2005). HWWA Discussion Paper No. 319. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=740252 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.740252

Joachim Wagner (Contact Author)

University of Lueneburg - Institute of Economics ( email )

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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