Does Temporary Migration Have to Be Permanent?

52 Pages Posted: 17 Jun 2005

See all articles by Mohammad Amin

Mohammad Amin

Columbia University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Department of Economics

Aaditya Mattoo

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: March 2005

Abstract

The choice between temporary and permanent migration is today central to the design of migration policies. We draw a distinction between the two types of migration on the basis of the associated social cost and the dynamics of learning by migrants. We find that unilateral migration policies are globally inefficient because they lead to too much permanent migration and too little temporary and overall migration. Existing international agreements on labor mobility, such as the WTO's General Agreement on Trade in Services, have failed to do better because they seek primarily to induce host countries to make commitments to allow entry. Instead, Pareto gains and more liberal migration could be achieved through multilateral agreements that enable host countries to commit to repatriation.

JEL Classification: J24, F22

Suggested Citation

Amin, Mohammad and Mattoo, Aaditya, Does Temporary Migration Have to Be Permanent? (March 2005). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3582. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=740298 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.740298

Mohammad Amin (Contact Author)

Columbia University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Department of Economics ( email )

420 W. 118th Street
New York, NY 10027
United States

Aaditya Mattoo

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Room MC 3-327
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-458-8047 (Phone)
202-676-9810 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/amattoo

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