The Inferior Performance of State Owned Enterprises: Is it Due to Ownership or Market Structure?

NUPI Working Paper No. 663

35 Pages Posted: 14 Jun 2005

See all articles by Leo A. Grünfeld

Leo A. Grünfeld

Norwegian Institute of International Affairs

Gabriel R.G. Benito

BI Norwegian Business School

Eskil Le Bruyn Goldeng

University College of Southeast Norway

Date Written: 2004

Abstract

We analyze differences in performance between private companies (PCs) and state owned enterprises (SOEs), with an emphasis on the effects of market structure. We use a comprehensive panel covering all registered companies during the 1990s in Norway, a country where SOEs play an important role in regular markets. Return on assets as well as costs relative to sales revenue are used as measures of performance in models that investigate markets where SOEs and PCs actually compete with each other. After controlling for other factors that may affect performance, we find that SOE-performance is markedly lower than that of PCs. We also find that performance is positively related to the market share of companies and market concentration rates.

Keywords: Firm performance, market structure, Norway, state ownership

JEL Classification: G32, G34, L20

Suggested Citation

Grünfeld, Leo and Garcia Benito, Gabriel Robertstad and Goldeng, Eskil Le Bruyn, The Inferior Performance of State Owned Enterprises: Is it Due to Ownership or Market Structure? (2004). NUPI Working Paper No. 663, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=741787 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.741787

Leo Grünfeld

Norwegian Institute of International Affairs ( email )

Gabriel Robertstad Garcia Benito (Contact Author)

BI Norwegian Business School ( email )

Nydalsveien 37
Oslo, 0442
Norway

Eskil Le Bruyn Goldeng

University College of Southeast Norway ( email )

Norway

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