The Invisible Structure of Ecological Cities

16 Pages Posted: 15 Jun 2005

See all articles by Shann Turnbull

Shann Turnbull

International Institute for Self-Governance; Sustainable Money Working Group; New Garden City Alliance

Date Written: April 1992


While the visible structures of cities may be designed, the invisible structures of how land, buildings, enterprises and money are owned and controlled are accepted as a given. This paper argues that to sustain humanity on the planet, the invisible structures of society need to follow the self-correcting design criterion found in nature. The invisible structure of ecological cities would make the visible structures of society accountable to the needs of their host bio-regions to create ecological republics. The current perpetual static monopoly rules for owning land, buildings and enterprise would be replaced with time limited, dynamic, and inclusive rules. The paper outlines how invisible structures based on ecological rules could be introduced and why this would create a more efficient, equitable and sustainable society.

Keywords: Ecological, Finance, Governance, Property rights, Realty, Urban economy

JEL Classification: D02, H11, H23, P14, P16, P48, Q15

Suggested Citation

Turnbull, Shann, The Invisible Structure of Ecological Cities (April 1992). Available at SSRN: or

Shann Turnbull (Contact Author)

International Institute for Self-Governance ( email )

PO Box 266 Woollahra
Cell: +61418222378
Sydney, New South Wales 1350
+61293278487 (Phone)
+61280655905 (Fax)

SKYPE: shann.turnbull

Sustainable Money Working Group ( email )

Holyoake House
Hanover Street
Manchester, M60 0AS
United Kingdom

New Garden City Alliance ( email )

113 Guinness Court
London, UK, SE1 3TA
United Kingdom
+44 207 378 1902 (Phone)


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