Default Risk Cannot Explain the Muni Puzzle: Evidence from Municipal Bonds that are Secured by U.S. Treasury Obligations
Review of Financial Studies Volume 11, Issue 2
Posted: 7 Apr 1998
Fama (1977) and Miller (1977) predict, that one minus the corporate tax rate will equate after-tax yields from comparable taxable and tax-exempt bonds. Empirical evidence show that long-term tax-exempt yields are higher than the theory predicts. Two popular explanations for this empirical puzzle are that, relative to taxable bonds, municipal bonds bear more default risk and include costly call options. I study U.S. government secured municipal bond yields that are effectively default-free and non-callable. These municipal yields display the same tendency to be too high. I conclude that differential default risk and call options do not explain the muni puzzle.
JEL Classification: G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation