Latvia: Working Too Hard?
WORKING AND EMPLOYMENT CONDITIONS IN NEW EU MEMBER STATES - CONVERGENCE OR DIVERSITY?, Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead, ed., pp. 161-212, ILO-EC, 2005
37 Pages Posted: 14 Jun 2005
This paper provides an assessment of employment and working conditions in Latvia before and immediately after the EU accession. The issues addressed include self-employment, multiple jobs, fixed-term contracts, unreported wages, overtime, unsocial working hours, health and safety at work, social dialogue. The study combines different methods: statistical and econometric analysis of recent Labour Force Surveys and enterprise surveys (Earning Structure Survey and Survey of Occupations); firm level case studies; interviews with experts. Findings indicate that despite recent improvements in legal and institutional environment, as well as some progress in working conditions, significant proportions of workers are exposed to serious risks; health and safety conditions are slow to improve (several bottlenecks are identified). 15 percent of employees in 2003 were usually working 50 or more hours per week, and often this overtime was involuntary and/or unpaid. The analysis suggest that, other things equal, unpaid overtime is more likely to be found in small firms, for temporary workers, for workers with short tenure. Presence of a trade union improves workers' prospect to be paid for eventual overtime work.
Keywords: employment contract, working conditions, overtime, transition
JEL Classification: J22, J23, J28, J5, P23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation