Application of Safeguards and Anti-Dumping Duties in Colombia

46 Pages Posted: 8 Jul 2005

See all articles by Mauricio Reina

Mauricio Reina


Sandra Zuluaga

University of the Andes (Colombia)

Date Written: May 2005


Colombia's experience in the use of safeguards and anti-dumping duties differs from international trends. On the one hand, the number of investigations conducted is substantially lower than that recorded in most of the hemisphere's large and medium-size countries. On the other, while there is a growing international trend of more frequent use of anti-dumping as opposed to safeguards, in Colombia the safeguard process has been the more used policy instrument. Although several large and medium-size firms are familiar with the application of safeguards and anti-dumping duties, there is still a relative unfamiliarity regarding the instruments in most of the private sector. The institutional arrangements related to the investigations and the decision-making processes have proven to be stable and sound. The trade liberalization process in the country has created awareness of the importance of preserving the competitiveness of production chains to strengthen their insertion in international markets, which has restrained the authorities from restricting access to intermediate goods and raw materials. The evaluation of the Colombian experience also raises concerns about the potential discretional use of these instruments. The relatively intense use of safeguards and anti-dumping measures in some specific periods and sectors, especially in the agricultural sector, shows that the institutional framework itself is not always enough to guarantee a disciplined use of the instruments.

Suggested Citation

Reina, Mauricio and Zuluaga, Sandra, Application of Safeguards and Anti-Dumping Duties in Colombia (May 2005). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3608. Available at SSRN: or

Mauricio Reina (Contact Author)

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

Sandra Zuluaga

University of the Andes (Colombia)

Carrera Primera # 18A-12
Bogota, DC D.C. 110311

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